Minimum Requirement for own funds and Eligible Liabilities (MREL)


The  Single  Resolution  Board  (SRB)  is  the  resolution  authority for participating  Member States within the  Banking  Union  (BU).  It began operating as an independent European Union (EU) agency on 1 January 2015. The SRB assumed its full legal powers for resolution planning and resolution decisions on 1 January 2016. Its primary scope covers significant and cross-border banking groups established in the BU.

The  Bank  Recovery  and  Resolution  Directive  (BRRD), which  has  been  transposed in  all participating Member  States,  requires  banks  to meet a  minimum  requirement  for  own funds  and  eligible  liabilities  (MREL) so  as  to  be  able to  absorb  losses  and  restore  their capital position, allowing banks to continuously perform their critical economic functions during and after a crisis. MREL represents one of the key tools in enhancing banks’ resolvability.

MREL determination in the Banking Union

In 2017, the SRB developed its MREL policy and adopted its first binding decisions for major banking groups.

Considering the need to address the specificities of the most complex groups with more details, the SRB has split the 2018 resolution planning cycle into two waves.

The first started in January 2018 to allow for the banks that did not have binding targets – for instance those without presence outside the Banking Union – to be addressed first based on a MREL policy largely following the 2017 approach and published on 20 November 2018.

For the second wave of resolution plans, covering the most complex banks, MREL setting will be based on an enhanced MREL policy published on 16 January 2019. This second part of the 2018 MREL policy introduces a series of new features to strengthen the MREL approach and banks’ resolvability within the Banking Union and prepare banks for future regulatory changes in the context of the “Banking Package”.

Going forward

The SRB will review in 2019 its policy for MREL setting on the basis of the publication of the Banking Package in the Official Journal of the EU, also to reflect any change necessary due to those requirements potentially coming into force in 2019.


2018 cycle


2017 cycle


2016 cycle


Other Documents


Contact the Single Resolution Board

Treurenberg 22, 1049 Brussels

+32 (0) 2 490 30 00